Leadership – Providing top-level leadership that can coordinate across federal entities and forge a coherent national approach.
Strategy – Developing a comprehensive national strategy that specifies overarching goals, subordinate objectives, activities to support those objectives, and outcome-oriented performance metrics and time frames.
Coordination – Engaging all key federal entities in order to coordinate policy related to global aspects of cyberspace security and governance.
Standards and policies - Ensuring that international technical standards and polices do not pose unnecessary barriers to U.S. trade.
Incident response – Participating in international cyber-incident response, which includes appropriately sharing information without jeopardizing national security.
Differing law – Investigating and prosecuting transnational cybercrime amid a plurality of laws, varying technical capabilities, and differing priorities.
Norms – Providing models of behavior that shape the policies and activities of countries, such as defining countries’ sovereign responsibility regarding the actions of its citizens.
Until these challenges are addressed, the United States will be at a disadvantage in promoting its national interests in the realm of cyberspace
Source: GAO analysis of federal and nonfederal information, July 2010.